Here are some interesting tidbits about the area.
Young George Washington learned some very valuable lessons in this
- In 1753 Washington (then 21) on behalf of the British passed
through the area, including present day Ohiopyle on the Youghiogheny
River, to deliver a message to the French at Fort LeBouef (north
of present-day Pittsburgh) asking them to vacate the Ohio Valley.
The French refused.
- Under his command in 1754, his troops improved an Indian trail
that some decades later would become part of the National Road
through the mountains east of Uniontown.
- In his first military encounter, one that would ignite the French
and Indian War in America and the Seven Years War in Europe, young
Washington and a band of his men attacked a small French contingent,
killing their leader and ambassador, Col. Jumonville in the mountains
above present-day Uniontown (half a mile from the Cross at Jumonville.)
- A month later, Washington would be defeated by the French at
Washington's hastily established Fort Necessity (east of Uniontown),
where Washington suffered the only surrender of his military career.
He was forced to vacate the region, agreeing not to return.
- A year later in 1755, Washington would pass through the region
as second in command to British Gen. Edward Braddock on a military
campaign to to evict the French from Fort Duquesne (at present-day
Pittsburgh). However, they were ambushed several miles short of
the Fort Duquesne by French and Indian forces where the British
suffered a devastating defeat. The badly beaten British retreated
to a location a mile from Fort Necessity where Braddock succumbed
to wounds (in Washington's presence) from the battle and was buried
in the road.
- Washington acquired quite a bit of land in the area, including
the site of Fort Necessity, and property in the Perryopolis area.
Washington commissioned the building of a grist mill, which was
a commercial flop.
- Washington returned to the area twice more, in 1770 and 1786,
in connection with his holdings.
The National Road, the county's first interstate highway of the
early 19th century, now U.S. Route 40, passes through the village
of Hopwood, Uniontown, and Brownsville on its way westward. Several
structures from the era still survive including Addison Tollhouse,
Washington's Tavern, Searight Tollhouse, Nemacolin Castle and several
stone buildings in Hopwood.
Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury under Thomas Jefferson,
was instrumental in enabling the national Road to be built. His
former estate, Friendship Hill, is now part of the National Park
Service and is open to the public.
The first bank wast of the Alleghenies was built in Perryopolis
in 1814. The structure is now a local museum.
America's first cast iron bridge was dedicated on July 4, 1839
in Brownsville, PA. Amazingly, it is still in use today with no
This area was once famous for its reserves of easily obtained high
grade coal that ultimately fueled the iron and steel industry of
Pittsburgh. The coal was mined, then transformed into coke in thousands
of beehive coke ovens in scores of small mining communities throughout
the region, commonly known as the Connellsville Coke Region. The
coal and coke industry was the source of many fortunes during the
boom times at the turn of the 20th century. Alas, the coal is now
gone and the industry and fortunes with it.
Uniontown is the birthplace and boyhood home of Gen. George C.
Marshall, the former Secretary of State and General of the Army
who won the Nobel Peace Prize for engineering the Marshall Plan
which helped restore western Europe following W.W.II.
Fayette County is host to two homes by noted architect Frank Lloyd
Wright. Fallingwater is world renowned as Wright's masterpiece and
one of the finest examples of modern architecture in the world.
Kentuck Knob was built for the I.N. Hagan family in the 1950's.
Both are now open to the public.
The Big Mac was invented by James Delligati in 1967 at the Uniontown
McDonalds at its former Morgantown St. location.
At 19 cents, you can buy the cheapest hamburger in America at Pechin's